The three competencies of the Geography, History and Citizenship Education Program are the following:
– To perceive the organization of a society in its territory
– To interpret change in a society and its territory
– To be open to the diversity of societies and their territories

From the Quebec Education Program:

Learnings that are contemporary and rooted in culture 
"As products of a society at a given point in its history, schools transmit the beliefs, values and knowledges of that society at that time, both implicitly and explicitly. Inevitably, then, the learnings will reflect contemporary reality in both form and content, but they will be more meaningful and deeper if their cultural references are familiar and they are placed in a historical perspective. Schools must thus play an active role in promoting culture, understood here as the fruit of intelligent human activity past and present, by providing students with many opportunities to discover and appreciate cultural activities in various spheres beyond the scope of the learnings in the programs of study."

​The study of geography and history in school enables students to develop the ability to reason from the perspective of space and time respectively. Geography, in its analysis of the relationship between nature and human beings, is no longer limited to the systematic, compartmentalized study of areas of land. It is concerned with problems related to the use and organization of space here and elsewhere in the world. When human beings settle in a place, they adapt to it and change it to meet their needs while taking into account its assets and limitations. The territory, an organized and built space, reflects the human beings living in it, and geography provides ways to understand it. In school, on whatever scale it is studied, geography makes it possible to answer three basic questions: How is a social space organized? How do societies integrate into ecosystems? What distinguishes a social space and how do human beings experience its distinctive characteristics? As for the study of history, its aim is the development of historical thinking and the acquisition of the method of establishing historical knowledge. Hence it does not consist of the systematic study of the events of the past, and even less of their mere memorization. Moreover, the stress on connections between the present and phenomena of the past leads to seeing events in terms of continuity, which is a basic concept of history.The ability to put things in perspective that history demands leads students to situate events in a temporal context. The study of his- tory also helps students to understand and accept differ- ence by making them realize that, as A. Ségal has said, similarities exist within differences. In this way, history contributes to the construction of identity and the devel- opment of tolerance, which is an indispensable attitude in democracy.

We have also provided Instructional Strategies for download.


Tel: (819) 778-3382

Fairbairn House Heritage Centre

45 Wakefield Heights

Wakefield, QC J0X 3G0